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Regional Focus

  • Global

Per Capita Energy from Fossil Fuels, Nuclear and Renewables

Authors: Hannah Ritchie, Max Roser
Grades: 11th, 12th
Subjects: Science, Social Studies, Biology, Economics, Civics, Geography, Justice, Health, Climate Action
Resource Types:
  • Interactive Media
  • Data
  • This interactive media shows the per capita energy from fossil fuels, nuclear and renewables starting from the year 1965. 
  • A comparative view by countries or continents can be generated. 
  • Primary energy is calculated based on the 'substitution method' which takes account of the inefficiencies in fossil fuel production by converting non-fossil energy into the energy inputs required if they had the same conversion losses as fossil fuels. 
Teaching Tips


  • Data can be viewed as a chart or table. Pressing the play button shows the changes from 1965.

Additional Prerequisites

  • Learners need be familiar with these 3 sources of energy: Fossil Fuels, Nuclear, and Renewables.
  • Educator would need time to get familiar with this interactive media and decide on how to implement it with the learners.


  • There are other related interactive maps for measuring similar parameters.
  • Can be used to create awareness about one or more of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
Scientist Notes

This resource provides specific data on Nuclear, Fossil fuels and Renewable energy sources. Students can navigate to understand the trends relative to each countries. The resource is valid and recommended for teaching.

  • Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS)
    • ESS3: Earth and Human Activity
      • HS-ESS3-1 Construct an explanation based on evidence for how the availability of natural resources, occurrence of natural hazards, and changes in climate have influenced human activity.
  • College, Career, and Civic Life (C3) Standards
    • Dimension 2: Civics
      • D2.Civ.14.9-12 Analyze historical, contemporary, and emerging means of changing societies, promoting the common good, and protecting rights.
    • Dimension 2: Economics
      • D2.Eco.11.9-12 Use economic indicators to analyze the current and future state of the economy.
    • Dimension 2: History
      • D2.His.14.9-12 Analyze multiple and complex causes and effects of events in the past.
  • Common Core Math Standards (CCSS.MATH)
    • Statistics & Probability: Making Inferences & Justifying Conclusions (9-12)
      • CCSS.MATH.CONTENT.HSS.IC.B.6 Evaluate reports based on data.


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