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Database Provider

Author

University of Connecticut

Grades

11th, 12th, AP® / College

Subjects

Science, Social Studies, Earth and Space Sciences, Civics

Resource Types

  • Scientific Papers or Reports
  • Charts, Graphs, and Tables

Regional Focus

North America, United States, USA - Northeast, Connecticut, Coastal

Format

PDF

Identifying the Change in Heat and Land-Use

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Synopsis
  • This scientific paper details a study of the relationship between land cover changes over the last 20 years and surface temperature in two Connecticut counties, New Haven and Fairfield.
  • This research guides Connecticut towns in addressing and adapting to extreme heat by recommending modifications to city planning practices.
Teaching Tips

Positives

  • The scientific report includes numerous figures such as thematic maps, box plots, infographics, tables, and graphs to help visualize the information.
  • The resource helps students understand the connection between city planning and climate change and will inspire students to advocate for more environmentally conscious city plans.

Additional Prerequisites

  • This report is challenging and includes difficult vocabulary, data collection techniques, and statistical analysis. Teachers should use it with advanced high school students or in college courses.
  • Students should understand the urban heat island effect and the impact of gray infrastructure on the environment.

Differentiation

  • Students will likely need support to understand the text and interpret the figures. Teachers should consider walking through the report as a class to explain unfamiliar concepts and answer student questions.
  • Students can research and propose strategies to increase the tree canopy cover on private and public properties and create a means to communicate these ideas to their city planners or private landowners.
  • When using this resource in civics, students can focus on how this research can guide city planning decisions and how to influence this change.
  • Science classes can use this report to learn about satellite data collection, surface temperature, heat index, the causes of rising temperatures, and the environmental impacts of land-use changes.
  • Statistics classes can make cross-curricular connections due to the statistical analysis used to interpret the relationship between changes in land use, land cover, and surface temperature.
  • Younger students or students with low reading stamina can read just the Executive Summary to understand the basics of the report.
Scientist Notes
This resource is a research paper that examines how land-use change impacts the urban heat island in Fairfield and New Haven counties, Connecticut. The report bases its findings on primary research and depicts them in well-organized figures and tables, making trends easy to spot. The text has thoughtful organization and includes a helpful glossary. The paper is exceptionally well-sourced and cites several pages of peer-reviewed sources. This resource clearly expresses the importance of thoughtful land-use planning to protect human health in a changing climate and is recommended for teaching.
Standards
  • Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS)
    • CCC.Stability and Change: For both designed and natural systems, conditions that affect stability and factors that control rates of change are critical elements to consider and understand.
      • HS-CCC-Stability and Change.2. Change and rates of change can be quantified and modeled over very short or very long periods of time. Some system changes are irreversible.
    • ESS3.D: Global Climate Change
      • HS-ESS3-D.2. Through computer simulations and other studies, important discoveries are still being made about how the ocean, the atmosphere, and the biosphere interact and are modified in response to human activities. (HS-ESS3-6)
    • ESS3: Earth and Human Activity
      • HS-ESS3-5 Analyze geoscience data and the results from global climate models to make an evidence-based forecast of the current rate of global or regional climate change and associated future impacts to Earth systems.
      • HS-ESS3-6 Use a computational representation to illustrate the relationships among Earth systems and how those relationships are being modified due to human activity.
      • HS-ESS3-5. Analyze geoscience data and the results from global climate models to make an evidence-based forecast of the current rate of global or regional climate change and associated future impacts to Earth’s systems.
      • HS-ESS3-6. Use a computational representation to illustrate the relationships among Earth systems and how those relationships are being modified due to human activity.
  • College, Career, and Civic Life (C3) Standards
    • Dimension 2: Civics
      • D2.Civ.13.9-12 Evaluate public policies in terms of intended and unintended outcomes, and related consequences.
  • Common Core Math Standards (CCSS.MATH)
    • Statistics & Probability: Making Inferences & Justifying Conclusions (9-12)
      • CCSS.MATH.CONTENT.HSS.IC.B.6 Evaluate reports based on data.
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