This simplified scientific paper presents research about a new and environmentally-friendly method of converting CO2 in seawater into minerals.
Students read about the basics of climate change; carbon capture, sequestration, and storage (CCSS) as a solution to climate change; and the chemistry behind the new method called single-step carbon sequestration and storage (sCS2).
The resource includes a glossary of key terms, comprehension questions, an answer key for teachers, three related videos, and links to other helpful materials.
This is a student-friendly version of a peer-reviewed paper published in the journal ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering in 2021.
Glossary terms are written in orange, important information is highlighted in yellow, and pictures and diagrams are included throughout to support student understanding.
The original academic paper that this adaptation is based on can be accessed here.
Though the paper does include a basic overview of climate change, it would be helpful for students to have a working understanding of the causes and solutions of climate change.
Teachers must create a free account to download the answer key.
For additional background on carbon capture, sequestration, and reuse, students can watch the embedded video by Columbia Climate School.
In Earth science classes, students can compare this solution to other possible climate change solutions and identify trade-offs.
Chemistry classes can explore the many chemical processes discussed throughout the research, including mineral formation, ion formation, and electrolysis.
Chemistry classes can also use this research to discuss how pH can affect the rate of reactions.
Students with a lower reading level may benefit from following along with the read-aloud video of the report.
Students can watch the linked video interview with Dr. Erika La Plante to hear more about her research.
With so much excess greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, many scientists are trying to figure out how to remove some of it directly. Current technology does not work very well and is very expensive. This research looks at a lower cost option that may work even better. This resource is well researched and sourced and is recommended for teaching.
Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS)
ESS3: Earth and Human Activity
MS-ESS3-3 Apply scientific principles to design a method for monitoring and minimizing a human impact on the environment.
HS-ESS3-4 Evaluate or refine a technological solution that reduces impacts of human activities on natural systems.
ETS1: Engineering Design
HS-ETS1-3 Evaluate a solution to a complex real-world problem based on prioritized criteria and trade-offs that account for a range of constraints, including cost, safety, reliability, and aesthetics, as well as possible social, cultural, and environmental impacts.
PS1: Matter and its Interactions
HS-PS1-2 Construct and revise an explanation for the outcome of a simple chemical reaction based on the outermost electron states of atoms, trends in the periodic table, and knowledge of the patterns of chemical properties.
HS-PS1-6 Refine the design of a chemical system by specifying a change in conditions that would produce increased amounts of products at equilibrium.