This video explains that while Jakarta is located in a natural delta region, sea level rise, urbanization, and human reliance on underground aquifers for drinking water have made flooding much more intense in the region.
Students will learn about natural flood plains, different types of streams, changes to the landscape that affect water infiltration into the soil and groundwater, and the vital role of wetlands in reducing flooding.
This video offers a comprehensive overview of complex factors (both natural and human-created) that contribute to flooding.
The fast-pace and interesting visuals will keep students engaged.
Students should be familiar with the terms aquifer, groundwater, precipitation, storm surge, permeable, and subsidence.
This video is very fast-paced and students would benefit from frequent pausing, especially when vocabulary terms are defined or graphs are presented.
Biology classes could investigate the comparison made in the video between kidneys and wetlands to see how each act as filters.
Social studies classes could research the crops that grow well in the natural flood plains of Indonesia and learn how increased flooding has changed agriculture in the region.
Other resources related to this topic include this article on protecting coastal communities, this lesson plan on exploring sea level rise solutions, and this PBS video on the problems Miami faces due to climate change.
The video provides an explanation to the mechanism of flooding and how it can be prevented through sustainable land use management. This resource is recommended for teaching.
Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS)
ESS2: Earth's Systems
MS-ESS2-4 Develop a model to describe the cycling of water through Earth's systems driven by energy from the sun and the force of gravity.
ESS3: Earth and Human Activity
MS-ESS3-2 Analyze and interpret data on natural hazards to forecast future catastrophic events and inform the development of technologies to mitigate their effects.
MS-ESS3-3 Apply scientific principles to design a method for monitoring and minimizing a human impact on the environment.
MS-ESS3-4 Construct an argument supported by evidence for how increases in human population and per-capita consumption of natural resources impact Earth's systems.
HS-ESS3-1 Construct an explanation based on evidence for how the availability of natural resources, occurrence of natural hazards, and changes in climate have influenced human activity.
HS-ESS3-6 Use a computational representation to illustrate the relationships among Earth systems and how those relationships are being modified due to human activity.
College, Career, and Civic Life (C3) Standards
Dimension 2: Geography
D2.Geo.12.6-8 Explain how global changes in population distribution patterns affect changes in land use in particular places.
D2.Geo.6.9-12 Evaluate the impact of human settlement activities on the environmental and cultural characteristics of specific places and regions.
D2.Geo.9.9-12 Evaluate the influence of long-term climate variability on human migration and settlement patterns, resource use, and land uses at local-to-global scales.