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Photo by Ryan Bruce via Unsplash

Database Provider


Long Island Sound Study, CT Sea Grant, NOAA


2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th, 6th, 7th, 8th


Science, Biology, Earth and Space Sciences

Resource Type

  • Presentation Slides

Regional Focus

North America, United States, USA - Northeast, Connecticut, New York, Long Island, Coastal


PDF, Microsoft Powerpoint

The Plants and Animals of Long Island Sound

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  • This resource is a 120-slide PowerPoint presentation with text, images, and maps that provide an overview of the plants and animals that live in Long Island Sound.
  • It is divided into seven sections based on habitats: salt marshes, tidal flats, eelgrass beds, sandy beaches, rocky intertidal, submerged bottom, and open water.
Teaching Tips


  • Students will enjoy seeing the many images of animals and plants throughout the slides.
  • Since the slides are separated into categories, teachers can easily choose them to fit their schedule.

Additional Prerequisites

  • The slideshow is in English and Spanish.
  • The slideshow is available to download in its entirety as a PowerPoint file or in sections as PDFs.
  • Teachers must download the PowerPoint to see the speaker notes.


  • For younger students, teachers can delete some text and focus on the images of the animals, plants, and habitats.
  • With older students, teachers can share the more detailed information written in the presentation notes.
  • Students can learn more about the Long Island Sound habitats and living creatures using the links to the Habitat Mapping Initiative in the first paragraph on the webpage. The Underwater Story Map is engaging, with an interactive map and underwater images.
  • Life science classes can use this resource when learning about biodiversity, ecosystems, habitats, and Earth science classes can use it when learning about geologic features.
  • Cross-curricular connections can be made with geography topics, as many of the habitats are geographical features significant to this region.
  • To build connections between this resource and environmentalism, students can research how these plants and animals are impacted by climate change through rising temperatures, sea-level rise, or pollution.
Scientist Notes
This resource from Long Island Sound Study is a pictorial tour showing the variety of habitats in the Sound and a sampling of the species that reside in each. A slideshow features a wealth of colorful photos, all with sources cited, and the attached PowerPoint file includes speaker notes for each slide. Two ArcGIS story maps are linked and provide a more interactive resource. The story map, titled “A Tapestry of Underwater Habitats,” is particularly well-sourced, with several peer-reviewed sources cited. This resource is grounded in sound science and is recommended for teaching.
  • Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS)
    • ESS2: Earth's Systems
      • 4-ESS2-2 Analyze and interpret data from maps to describe patterns of Earth’s features.
    • LS2.A: Interdependent Relationships in Ecosystems
      • MS-LS2-A.1. Organisms, and populations of organisms, are dependent on their environmental interactions both with other living things and with nonliving factors. (MS-LS2-1)
    • LS2.C: Ecosystem Dynamics, Functioning, and Resilience
      • MS-LS2-C.2. Biodiversity describes the variety of species found in Earth’s terrestrial and oceanic ecosystems. The completeness or integrity of an ecosystem’s biodiversity is often used as a measure of its health. (MS-LS2-5)
    • LS2: Ecosystems: Interactions, Energy, and Dynamics
      • MS-LS2-2 Construct an explanation that predicts patterns of interactions among organisms across multiple ecosystems.
    • LS4.D: Biodiversity and Humans
      • 2-LS4-D. There are many different kinds of living things in any area, and they exist in different places on land and in water. (2-LS4-1)
      • 3-LS4-D. Populations live in a variety of habitats, and change in those habitats affects the organisms living there. (3-LS4-4)
    • LS4: Biological Evolution: Unity and Diversity
      • 2-LS4-1 Make observations of plants and animals to compare the diversity of life in different habitats.
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