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Rose M. Mutiso


9th, 10th, 11th, 12th


Social Studies, Economics, Civics

Resource Type

  • Videos, 6 minutes, 41 seconds, CC, Subtitles

Regional Focus



Downloadable MP4/M4V

The Energy Africa Needs to Develop and Fight Climate Change

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  • In this TED Talk, Rose Mutiso, an energy researcher and thought leader from Kenya, explains why Africa's energy needs must be prioritized when using what's left of the world's carbon budget. 
  • She describes the problem of energy inequality and the responsibility that Western countries have to take the lead on decarbonization while allowing developing countries to adapt and prosper. 
Teaching Tips


  • This video highlights how climate change has disproportionately affected people in developing countries, and the responsibility that developed countries have to focus on equity.
  • The video provides a transcript and subtitles that are available in many languages.  

Additional Prerequisites

  • Before watching the video, consider having students highlight words they do not know or understand on a copy of the transcript and go over any new vocabulary. 


  • Civics or economics classes could use this video as part of an investigation on climate justice and to learn about the UN Sustainable Development Goals.
  • Related resources include this speech by Greta Thunberg and this course about climate equity. 
Scientist Notes
This TED talk discusses climate change challenges within Africa, with a particular focus on the historical emissions and climate impacts within Africa and from non-African nations. Issues of development, justice, and fairness are presented and a vision for a fair and just pathway that allows African nations to develop while more developed nations rapidly reduce their carbon emissions is presented. This resource is a good look at the complexity of international climate issues. This resource is recommended for teaching.
  • Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS)
    • ESS3: Earth and Human Activity
      • HS-ESS3-2 Evaluate competing design solutions for developing, managing, and utilizing energy and mineral resources based on cost-benefit ratios.
  • College, Career, and Civic Life (C3) Standards
    • Dimension 2: Civics
      • D2.Civ.10.9-12 Analyze the impact and the appropriate roles of personal interests and perspectives on the application of civic virtues, democratic principles, constitutional rights, and human rights.
    • Dimension 2: Economics
      • D2.Eco.15.9-12 Explain how current globalization trends and policies affect economic growth, labor markets, rights of citizens, the environment, and resource and income distribution in different nations.
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