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Hannah Ritchie, Max Roser


6th, 7th, 8th, 9th, 10th, 11th, 12th


Science, Social Studies, Geography, Math

Resource Types

  • Interactive Media
  • Data

Regional Focus



Microsoft Excel

Primary Energy Consumption from Fossil Fuels, Nuclear and Renewables


  • An interactive media that shows primary energy consumptions from fossil fuels, nuclear and renewables.
  • The breakdown of primary energy is shown based on the ‘substitution’ method which takes account of inefficiencies in energy production from fossil fuels.


  • Beautiful interactive media. It is cool to examine the data by continents and by countries.

Additional Prerequisites

  • Learners need to be familiar with the difference between renewable and nonrenewable energy.
  • Educator would need time to get familiar with this interactive media and decide on how to implement it with the learners.


  • There are other related interactive maps for measuring similar parameters.
  • Can be used to create awareness about one or more of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

Inefficiencies in energy production from fossil fuels were approximated using a substitution method. Students can explore to visualize changes in energy production from fossil fuels, nuclear and renewable energy from different countries. The resource, including method and datasets used, is recommended for teaching.

This resource addresses the listed standards. To fully meet standards, search for more related resources.

  • College, Career, and Civic Life (C3) Standards
    • Dimension 4: Taking Informed Action
      • D4.6.6-8 Draw on multiple disciplinary lenses to analyze how a specific problem can manifest itself at local, regional, and global levels over time, identifying its characteristics and causes, and the challenges and opportunities faced by those trying to address the problem.
  • Common Core Math Standards (CCSS.MATH)
    • Statistics & Probability: Interpreting Categorical & Quantitative Data (9-12)
      • CCSS.MATH.CONTENT.HSS.ID.B.6 Represent data on two quantitative variables on a scatter plot, and describe how the variables are related.
    • Statistics & Probability: Making Inferences & Justifying Conclusions (9-12)
      • CCSS.MATH.CONTENT.HSS.IC.B.6 Evaluate reports based on data.
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