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The Popo


6th, 7th, 8th, 9th, 10th, 11th, 12th


Visual and Performing Arts

Resource Type

  • Artwork

Regional Focus


"Plastic Culture"

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  • This provocative mural in Bali, Indonesia highlights plastic usage and how it is ingrained in our society. 
  • There is a brief artist statement and a list of actions that reduce plastic waste included on the site.
Teaching Tips


  • The gallery features many images of The Popo creating this mural.
  • The Popo explains the purpose of the mural in his Artist Statement.

Additional Prerequisites

  • Plastic pollution is a massive worldwide problem. One of the best ways to cut down on plastic pollution is simply to buy less stuff.
  • Students may be curious about the best ways to recycle plastic. It is important to know that the global recycling system is broken and unjust. You and your students could watch this video to learn more.


  • Students could create a drawing or painting mimicking The Popo's style. Instead of "plastic culture," students could explore "car culture," "airplane culture," "beef culture," or other lifestyle choices that have a high carbon impact. 
  • In art class, students can analyze the mural using the following guiding questions:
    • Where are all the figures looking?
    • Why do all the figures look confused?
    • Which items were included in their speech bubbles? Which items were not included? Why do you think The Popo made that choice?
    • Why do you think The Popo included a little sailboat next to the title of the mural?
Scientist Notes
This resource portrays in-depth insights on marine ecosystem conservation and advocates for a plastic-free ecosystem. This is recommended.
  • Common Core English Language Arts Standards (CCSS.ELA)
    • Reading: Informational Text (K-12)
      • CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RI.7.4 Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative, connotative, and technical meanings; analyze the impact of a specific word choice on meaning and tone.
  • National Core Arts Standards
    • Visual Arts: Standard 7 - Perceive and analyze artistic work.
      • VA:Re7.2.Ia Analyze how one’s understanding of the world is affected by experiencing visual imagery.
      • VA:Re7.2.IIa Evaluate the effectiveness of an image or images to influence ideas, feelings, and behaviors of specific audiences.
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