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9th, 10th, 11th, 12th, AP® / College


Science, Earth and Space Sciences, Engineering

Resource Types

  • Article
  • Data

Regional Focus



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  • This article is a sector summary briefly introducing the ever-increasing negative effect of industry on our climate and presenting possible solutions to reduce these effects.
  • Possible solutions include improving materials, reclaiming waste as a resource, addressing the use of refrigerants, and enhancing efficiency.
Teaching Tips


  • Teachers will find links to information that can complete an entire unit on industrial solutions.
  • The summary provides a starting point for a more in-depth study of industry versus climate.

Additional Prerequisites

  • Students should understand greenhouse gases and their effects on the environment.
  • Teachers may wish to begin instruction by briefly discussing how industry affects climate change.
  • A definition list will be helpful for unfamiliar terms.
  • Teachers and students can share the page via social media.


  • Since there are over a dozen possible linked solutions at the bottom of the page, teachers can use small-group instruction and have students research industry solutions related to the issue of climate change.
  • English classes can use the data to create argumentative or explanatory essays regarding how industry impacts the environment.
  • Social studies teachers can have students research the highest-grossing industries in the world and then create presentations on how those industries are tackling the issue of climate change.
Scientist Notes
This resource summarizes how industry and industrial activities impact climate change, encourages students to think about reducing this impact, and presents example solutions. The solutions help explore the idea of sustainability by providing specific examples of what being more sustainable could look like in the industry sector. The page assumes students already know the connection between greenhouse gases and climate change. The information is accurate, and this resource is recommended for teaching.
  • Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS)
    • ESS3: Earth and Human Activity
      • HS-ESS3-1 Construct an explanation based on evidence for how the availability of natural resources, occurrence of natural hazards, and changes in climate have influenced human activity.
      • HS-ESS3-2 Evaluate competing design solutions for developing, managing, and utilizing energy and mineral resources based on cost-benefit ratios.
      • HS-ESS3-5 Analyze geoscience data and the results from global climate models to make an evidence-based forecast of the current rate of global or regional climate change and associated future impacts to Earth systems.
    • ETS1: Engineering Design
      • HS-ETS1-1 Analyze a major global challenge to specify qualitative and quantitative criteria and constraints for solutions that account for societal needs and wants.
  • Common Core English Language Arts Standards (CCSS.ELA)
    • Reading: Informational Text (K-12)
      • CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RI.9-10.1 Cite strong and thorough textual evidence to support analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text.
      • CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RI.9-10.6 Determine an author's point of view or purpose in a text and analyze how an author uses rhetoric to advance that point of view or purpose.
      • CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RI.11-12.1 Cite strong and thorough textual evidence to support analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text, including determining where the text leaves matters uncertain.
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