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Chure et al. 2022


9th, 10th, 11th, 12th, AP® / College


Science, Chemistry, Biology, Earth and Space Sciences, Mathematics

Resource Types

  • Charts, Graphs, and Tables
  • Interactive Media

Regional Focus


Human Impacts Database

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  • This database provides quantitative information about the impact of humans on many environmental and sustainability-related factors, including the size of the ozone hole, albedo changes, ocean pH over time, and global emissions.
  • Each quantity is taken from a recent scientific report or paper and may include links to graphs, data, or methods.
Teaching Tips


  • This database would be extremely useful for students conducting research for a project or experiment. 
  • This resource compiles and simplifies data in a relatively easy-to-understand format.
  • The source and original data set are available for most values.

Additional Prerequisites

  • Students should have a strong understanding of the general impacts of climate change and how humans affect the environment.
  • Students should always look carefully at the source of the data. Some sources may be less reliable than others or be more dated than others.


  • Have math students use the graphs provided for a topic to make inferences about why the rate of change has increased, decreased, or stayed the same over time.
  • Have students consider what feedback loops may result from some of the impacts listed and what that means for humans and the environment.
  • The graphs are especially useful for students who may have difficulty interpreting the significance of an activity or change in value.
Scientist Notes
This is a database that explores the emissions level or footprint from the energy, agriculture, mining, fossil fuels, forestry, and other natural and built-environments. Data sources have been meticulously reviewed and there is a high confidence in using this resource for teaching.
  • Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS)
    • ESS3: Earth and Human Activity
      • HS-ESS3-3 Create a computational simulation to illustrate the relationships among management of natural resources, the sustainability of human populations, and biodiversity.
      • HS-ESS3-5 Analyze geoscience data and the results from global climate models to make an evidence-based forecast of the current rate of global or regional climate change and associated future impacts to Earth systems.
      • HS-ESS3-6 Use a computational representation to illustrate the relationships among Earth systems and how those relationships are being modified due to human activity.
  • Common Core Math Standards (CCSS.MATH)
    • Statistics & Probability: Interpreting Categorical & Quantitative Data (9-12)
      • CCSS.MATH.CONTENT.HSS.ID.A.1 Represent data with plots on the real number line (dot plots, histograms, and box plots).
    • Statistics & Probability: Making Inferences & Justifying Conclusions (9-12)
      • CCSS.MATH.CONTENT.HSS.IC.A.2 Decide if a specified model is consistent with results from a given data-generating process, e.g., using simulation. For example, a model says a spinning coin falls heads up with probability 0.5. Would a result of 5 tails in a row cause you to question the model?
      • CCSS.MATH.CONTENT.HSS.IC.B.6 Evaluate reports based on data.
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