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Mia Nacamulli


6th, 7th, 8th, 9th, 10th, 11th, 12th


Science, Chemistry, Earth and Space Sciences, Health

Resource Types

  • Videos, 6 minutes, 4 seconds, CC, Subtitles
  • Interactive Media
  • Articles and Websites

Regional Focus

Global, North America, United States


YouTube Video

How Does Fracking Work?

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  • This TED-Ed animated video explains how hydraulic fracturing, known as fracking, works to extract natural gas from the Earth and why fracking is such a source of controversy. 
  • Students will learn about the many risks associated with fracking, such as water contamination, human health hazards, threats of earthquakes and infrastructure damage, methane emissions, and the expenditure of energy, money, and research that many believe should be directed toward environmentally sustainable processes. 
Teaching Tips


  • This animated video is engaging and explains the fracking process, using helpful visuals and graphics. 
  • This resource could serve as an introduction to fracking before classes dive into a more in-depth exploration of fracking's implications. 

Additional Prerequisites

  • It may be helpful for students to have a brief overview of the controversy over fracking, including countries that have banned fracking and where it still takes place. 
  • Students and teachers will need a free account to access the interactive features of this site. 


  • In language arts classes, students could be asked to create a written piece that explains the benefits and risks associated with fracking. 
  • In art classes, students could create diagrams or other art pieces that illustrate the fracking process and display its associated threats to humans and our planet. 
  • Teachers could ask students to view this video about a young climate activist's experience living with fracking-induced earthquakes and participate in a group discussion about how vulnerable populations can be impacted by climate change. 
  • Other resources on this topic include this video which also explains how fracking works, this short video which provides aerial footage of a fracking site, and this activity and lesson plan that explores the pros and cons of hydraulic fracturing.
Scientist Notes
This video presents, in detail, the process of natural gas fracking and its impact on environmental and human health. There is no contradiction in the video and this is recommended for teaching.
  • Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS)
    • ESS2: Earth's Systems
      • HS-ESS2-2 Analyze geoscience data to make the claim that one change to Earth’s surface can create feedbacks that cause changes to other Earth systems.
    • ESS3: Earth and Human Activity
      • MS-ESS3-4 Construct an argument supported by evidence for how increases in human population and per-capita consumption of natural resources impact Earth's systems.
      • HS-ESS3-1 Construct an explanation based on evidence for how the availability of natural resources, occurrence of natural hazards, and changes in climate have influenced human activity.
  • College, Career, and Civic Life (C3) Standards
    • Dimension 2: Civics
      • D2.Civ.13.9-12 Evaluate public policies in terms of intended and unintended outcomes, and related consequences.
    • Dimension 2: Economics
      • D2.Eco.1.6-8 Explain how economic decisions affect the well-being of individuals, businesses, and society.
    • Dimension 2: Geography
      • D2.Geo.11.9-12 Evaluate how economic globalization and the expanding use of scarce resources contribute to conflict and cooperation within and among countries.
  • Common Core English Language Arts Standards (CCSS.ELA)
    • Speaking & Listening (K-12)
      • CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.SL.7.2 Analyze the main ideas and supporting details presented in diverse media and formats (e.g., visually, quantitatively, orally) and explain how the ideas clarify a topic, text, or issue under study.
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