This lab from NASA provides instructions for students to develop and test a hypothesis on the impact different colors have on light absorption and surface temperature.
The document includes lab instructions, tables to record data, a graphing sheet, and analysis questions for students.
The lab begins with thinking questions to get students to consider surface temperatures they may have encountered in their own lives.
The procedure steps are simple and easy to follow.
The hypothesis section is scaffolded for students.
Teachers would need to review and acquire the materials ahead of time.
There is a caution that the bulb may be very hot, so it is recommended to review safety ahead of time.
Teachers can strategically group students and assign roles ahead of time.
Students can conference with other groups to discuss the analysis questions.
Teachers can foster a class discussion after the lab to share findings and analyze patterns in the data.
Other resources related to these topics include this similar lab about albedo and this experiment that connects the albedo effect to climate change.
This activity can help students comprehend the influence of albedo on various surfaces, as well as how these surfaces absorb and reflect radiation in different ways. This is necessary to understand temperature changes caused by various characteristics on the Earth's surface. It is suggested that this resource be used in the classroom.
Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS)
MS-PS3-3 Apply scientific principles to design, construct, and test a device that either minimizes or maximizes thermal energy transfer.
PS4: Waves and Their Applications in Technologies for Information Transfer
MS-PS4-2 Develop and use a model to describe that waves are reflected, absorbed, or transmitted through various materials.
Common Core Math Standards (CCSS.MATH)
Measurement & Data (K-5)
CCSS.MATH.CONTENT.5.MD.B.2 Make a line plot to display a data set of measurements in fractions of a unit (1/2, 1/4, 1/8). Use operations on fractions for this grade to solve problems involving information presented in line plots. For example, given different measurements of liquid in identical beakers, find the amount of liquid each beaker would contain if the total amount in all the beakers were redistributed equally.
Statistics & Probability (6-8)
CCSS.MATH.CONTENT.6.SP.B.5 Summarize numerical data sets in relation to their context.