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Hannah Ritchie, Max Roser


6th, 7th, 8th, 9th, 10th, 11th, 12th, AP® / College


Science, Social Studies, Chemistry, Earth and Space Sciences, Economics

Resource Types

  • Interactive Media
  • Charts, Graphs, and Tables

Regional Focus


Greenhouse Gas Emissions by Sector

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  • This interactive line graph and table shows greenhouse gas emissions by sector for individual countries and for the world, starting in 1990.
  • Greenhouse gas emissions are measured in tonnes of carbon dioxide-equivalents (CO₂e) and the data presented can be customized, sorted, and downloaded.
Teaching Tips


  • Hovering over the graph allows students to see a pop-up box with all of the details.
  • Students may choose to view data as the relative change instead of the measured data.
Additional Prerequisites
  • Learners need to be familiar with the concept of greenhouse gas emissions.
  • Students should know how to read a line graph.
  • Have more advanced students work in groups to research what data is included in each sector, to identify all of the potential sources grouped into each category. Then have them brainstorm or research solutions that could reduce emissions in their sector that are currently available.
  • Math classes could use the data for lessons about data analysis, making graphs, and linear equations.
  • Social studies classes could use this data to investigate the drivers of greenhouse gas pollution in different countries over time and how it may be related to increases in development, economic output, and population growth.
Scientist Notes

The resource examines various sectors of the economy that emits greenhouse gas. Datasets of emissions from manufacturing, construction energy, transportation, electricity, agriculture, fugitive emissions, etc. were expressed and normalized over a 100-year period to determine their CO2e. Students can explore to gain deep knowledge on emissions from these sectors. Above all, this resource is recommended for teaching.

  • Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS)
    • ESS3: Earth and Human Activity
      • MS-ESS3-5 Ask questions to clarify evidence of the factors that have caused the rise in global temperatures over the past century.
      • HS-ESS3-1 Construct an explanation based on evidence for how the availability of natural resources, occurrence of natural hazards, and changes in climate have influenced human activity.
  • College, Career, and Civic Life (C3) Standards
    • Dimension 4: Taking Informed Action
      • D4.6.6-8 Draw on multiple disciplinary lenses to analyze how a specific problem can manifest itself at local, regional, and global levels over time, identifying its characteristics and causes, and the challenges and opportunities faced by those trying to address the problem.
  • Common Core Math Standards (CCSS.MATH)
    • Statistics & Probability: Interpreting Categorical & Quantitative Data (9-12)
      • CCSS.MATH.CONTENT.HSS.ID.B.6 Represent data on two quantitative variables on a scatter plot, and describe how the variables are related.
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