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University of Maine


9th, 10th, 11th, 12th, AP® / College


Science, Social Studies, Biology, Earth and Space Sciences, Economics

Resource Types

  • Scientific Papers or Reports, 2 pages
  • Charts, Graphs, and Tables

Regional Focus

North America, United States, USA - Northeast, Maine



Farm Response to Changing Weather

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  • This brief scientific report examines how changes in extreme weather frequency, intensity, and duration and changes in the growing season are impacting farms in Maine, including strategies farmers can employ to minimize risks. 
  • The report includes a number of colorful maps and it can be downloaded as a PDF.
Teaching Tips


  • This report also considers how climate change is impacting the entire United States.
  • It highlights the increased risk of frost after the growing season begins, which is something that isn't always discussed.

Additional Prerequisites

  • Students should know how to read a map.
  • If you left-click links on the webpage you won't be taken to a new tab.


  • This report could be used to create free-response questions about how climate change is incentivizing farmers to change their farming methods.
  • This report could augment a classroom discussion on why disruptions to the agricultural industry may cause widespread cultural, economic, and political disorder.
  • This report could supplement a lesson about what climate change is and how humans are causing it.
  • This report could enhance a classroom discussion about how countries should balance climate change adaptation strategies with climate change mitigation strategies.
Scientist Notes
This resource from the University of Maine Climate and Ag Network provides a brief overview of Maine's agricultural response to the changing weather. Both temperature and water responses to the changing weather are discussed and potential response actions are provided. A PDF version of the resource is also available. This resource is well researched and would make a great addition to a classroom discussion about the changing weather, how that has affected climate change, and what impacts those changes are having on agriculture.
  • Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS)
    • ESS2: Earth's Systems
      • HS-ESS2-2 Analyze geoscience data to make the claim that one change to Earth’s surface can create feedbacks that cause changes to other Earth systems.
      • HS-ESS2-4 Use a model to describe how variations in the flow of energy into and out of Earth’s systems result in changes in climate.
    • ESS3: Earth and Human Activity
      • HS-ESS3-5 Analyze geoscience data and the results from global climate models to make an evidence-based forecast of the current rate of global or regional climate change and associated future impacts to Earth systems.
  • College, Career, and Civic Life (C3) Standards
    • Dimension 2: Economics
      • D2.Eco.3.9-12 Analyze the ways in which incentives influence what is produced and distributed in a market system.
  • Common Core English Language Arts Standards (CCSS.ELA)
    • Reading: Science & Technical Subjects (6-12)
      • CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RST.9-10.7 Translate quantitative or technical information expressed in words in a text into visual form (e.g., a table or chart) and translate information expressed visually or mathematically (e.g., in an equation) into words.
      • CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RST.11-12.2 Determine the central ideas or conclusions of a text; summarize complex concepts, processes, or information presented in a text by paraphrasing them in simpler but still accurate terms.
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