This interactive resource displays downloadable graphs of the number of fall days above normal since 1970 in various cities in the United States.
Students can view the graphs in English or Spanish and a best-fit line is provided to show the trend in temperatures.
This can be a tool for research and provide graphics for presentations or student reports.
Students can explore a variety major cities to see how the climate is changing in other areas.
Students should be able to read graphs.
Students would benefit from understanding how scientists determine what a normal temperature is for a location during a certain time of year.
Geography classes can use this resource to compare and contrast temperature data for various locations and then add the graphs to a map of the United States to see if there are any geographical trends they can see. Is one area of the country warming faster than others during this time of year?
This resource would be a great tool for students to explore after learning about average temperatures. Younger students can read the graph for a location near them together as a class, while older students can be assigned different locations to compare and contrast.
To extend learning, have students use the data presented in the graph to predict the days above normal in the next several falls.
This graph presents fall days above normal from 1970. As indicated, the fall days are warming in the default location. Students can navigate to see the variability of fall days above normal in different U.S. cities. Thus, this resource is recommended for teaching.
Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS)
ESS2: Earth's Systems
MS-ESS2-5 Collect data to provide evidence for how the motions and complex interactions of air masses results in changes in weather conditions.
ESS3: Earth and Human Activity
MS-ESS3-5 Ask questions to clarify evidence of the factors that have caused the rise in global temperatures over the past century.
Common Core Math Standards (CCSS.MATH)
Functions: Interpreting Functions (9-12)
CCSS.MATH.CONTENT.HSF.IF.B.6 Calculate and interpret the average rate of change of a function (presented symbolically or as a table) over a specified interval. Estimate the rate of change from a graph.