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Database Provider


Hannah Ritchie, Max Roser


6th, 7th, 8th, 9th, 10th, 11th, 12th, AP® / College


Science, Social Studies, Earth and Space Sciences, Geography, Mathematics

Resource Types

  • Interactive Media
  • Charts, Graphs, and Tables

Regional Focus


Cumulative CO2 Emissions

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  • This interactive resource allows students to explore a map, chart, and data table of the cumulative amount of CO2 emissions for various countries.
  • This takes into account the total emissions produced by fossil fuels and cement production, with data beginning in 1750.
Teaching Tips


  • This allows students to visually see the emissions build-up over time and see the relative change in emissions for various countries.

Additional Prerequisites

  • Note that this resource only provides data for fossil fuels and cement production, but if you include all sources of greenhouse gas pollution, different countries show up higher on the list in recent history, see the CO2 Data Explorer.
  • Students should know how to read a map and line graph.
  • Students should be familiar with the term relative change.
  • All of the data and visuals can be downloaded.


  • This resource could be incorporated into social studies classes when discussing economic resources for global climate solutions that take into account historic emissions.
  • Students can compare emissions from low, lower-middle, upper-middle, and high-income countries to explore issues of justice related to emission levels.
  • Other resources that are directly related to this issue include the CO2 Data Explorer and Annual CO2 Emissions.
Scientist Notes

The resource contains historical cumulative CO2 data from 1751, although updated to 2019. It is relevant for students to explore and gain perspectives from different countries.

  • Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS)
    • ESS3: Earth and Human Activity
      • MS-ESS3-3 Apply scientific principles to design a method for monitoring and minimizing a human impact on the environment.
      • HS-ESS3-5 Analyze geoscience data and the results from global climate models to make an evidence-based forecast of the current rate of global or regional climate change and associated future impacts to Earth systems.
  • College, Career, and Civic Life (C3) Standards
    • Dimension 2: Geography
      • D2.Geo.2.6-8 Use maps, satellite images, photographs, and other representations to explain relationships between the locations of places and regions, and changes in their environmental characteristics.
  • Common Core Math Standards (CCSS.MATH)
    • Statistics & Probability: Making Inferences & Justifying Conclusions (9-12)
      • CCSS.MATH.CONTENT.HSS.IC.B.6 Evaluate reports based on data.
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