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Keiko Betcher


9th, 10th, 11th, 12th, AP® / College


Science, Social Studies, Biology, Civics, History, Geography, Health

Resource Type

  • Article

Regional Focus

North America, United States, USA - West, Oregon

Connecting First Foods and Conservation

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  • This article discusses how Conservation Northwest and Indigenous groups are collaborating to conserve the foods traditionally harvested within the Pacific Northwest, restore the ecosystems where these foods are found, and educate the public on their importance.
  • Students will learn about the restoration of meadows and streams within the Pacific Northwest, how this restoration will benefit animals like elk and wild salmon, and why these animals are essential to the identities and lifestyles of indigenous groups.
Teaching Tips


  • This article allows students to engage with the concept of Traditional Ecological Knowledge (TEK).
  • This article is visually appealing and densely packed with useful information.

Additional Prerequisites

  • Students should understand what climate change is and how it endangers species around the world.
  • Students should understand how eating more plants reduces greenhouse gas emissions.


  • Students could evaluate whether the collective restoration effort described in the article succeeds at reducing human impacts on the environment and biodiversity.
  • The "Feeding 7 Generations" graphic in the article could facilitate a classroom discussion on the health benefits of the illustration's suggestions and the barriers that keep many people from engaging with these suggestions.
  • This article could serve as an example of how the preservation of habitats, biodiversity, and ecosystems leads to a reciprocal relationship where humans benefit from the plants, animals, and landscapes that they're protecting.
  • This article could supplement a lesson on the historical environment that Native Americans lived in thousands of years ago, how that environment shaped their perspective at the time, and how that same context is impacting Native American perspectives now.
Scientist Notes
This resource explains the relationship between first foods and conservation. Traditional Ecological Knowledge is a vital aspect of conservation and stewardship. This resource is recommended for teaching.

This resource addresses the listed standards. To fully meet standards, search for more related resources.

  • Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS)
    • LS2: Ecosystems: Interactions, Energy, and Dynamics
      • HS-LS2-7 Design, evaluate, and refine a solution for reducing the impacts of human activities on the environment and biodiversity.
  • College, Career, and Civic Life (C3) Standards
    • Dimension 2: Civics
      • D2.Civ.14.9-12 Analyze historical, contemporary, and emerging means of changing societies, promoting the common good, and protecting rights.
      • D2.Civ.5.9-12 Evaluate citizens' and institutions' effectiveness in addressing social and political problems at the local, state, tribal, national, and/or international level.
    • Dimension 2: Geography
      • D2.Geo.4.9-12 Analyze relationships and interactions within and between human and physical systems to explain reciprocal influences that occur among them.
    • Dimension 2: History
      • D2.His.5.9-12 Analyze how historical contexts shaped and continue to shape people's perspectives.
  • Common Core English Language Arts Standards (CCSS.ELA)
    • Reading: Informational Text (K-12)
      • CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RI.9-10.2 Determine a central idea of a text and analyze its development over the course of the text, including how it emerges and is shaped and refined by specific details; provide an objective summary of the text.
      • CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RI.11-12.2 Determine two or more central ideas of a text and analyze their development over the course of the text, including how they interact and build on one another to provide a complex analysis; provide an objective summary of the text.
  • National Health Education Standards
    • Standard 1: Students will comprehend concepts related to health promotion and disease prevention to enhance health.
      • 1.12.7 Compare and contrast the benefits of and barriers to practicing a variety of healthy behaviors.
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