Students should be familiar with the causes of climate change.
As an extension, have students work in groups to research different marine-based climate solutions and their potential to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
Through a class discussion, ask students why they think land-based climate solutions have been prioritized in the past.
As there are many concepts and scientific terms presented in the article, consider encouraging younger students to highlight any terms they may be unfamiliar with. These terms can be researched individually or discussed in class to ensure comprehension.
This resource can be used in chemistry classes during lessons about the effects of changing ocean chemistry and in social studies classes during lessons about the impacts of reduced ocean productivity and biodiversity on the livelihoods of coastal communities.
This resource introduces the topic of ocean and coastal sinks. A brief discussion of how critical oceans are to reducing and slowing the effects of climate change, and the results of the oceans working overtime to keep up with absorbing the excess heat generated by climate change. A few solutions to address the continued use of the ocean as a carbon sink include protecting and restoring ecosystems, and shifting our agricultural practices. This site would be a great addition to a lesson discussing alternative methods to reducing carbon emissions. This resource is recommended for teaching.
Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS)
ESS2: Earth's Systems
HS-ESS2-6 Develop a quantitative model to describe the cycling of carbon among the hydrosphere, atmosphere, geosphere, and biosphere.
ESS3: Earth and Human Activity
HS-ESS3-6 Use a computational representation to illustrate the relationships among Earth systems and how those relationships are being modified due to human activity.
College, Career, and Civic Life (C3) Standards
Dimension 4: Taking Informed Action
D4.6.9-12 Use disciplinary and interdisciplinary lenses to understand the characteristics and causes of local, regional, and global problems; instances of such problems in multiple contexts; and challenges and opportunities faced by those trying to address these problems over time and place.
Common Core English Language Arts Standards (CCSS.ELA)
Reading: Science & Technical Subjects (6-12)
CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RST.9-10.10 By the end of grade 10, read and comprehend science/technical texts in the grades 9-10 text complexity band independently and proficiently.