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Hannah Ritchie, Max Roser


6th, 7th, 8th, 9th, 10th, 11th, 12th


Science, Social Studies, Earth and Space Sciences, Geography, Mathematics

Resource Types

  • Interactive Media
  • Charts, Graphs, and Tables

Regional Focus


CO2 Emissions by Fuel Type (Line Chart)

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  • This interactive graph and chart provide students with the opportunity to explore CO2 emissions by fuel type for any country or continent beginning in 1750.
  • Students can view the data on emissions from oil, coal, flaring, gas, cement, and others.

Teaching Tips


  • This resource provides a large amount of information that can be customized and downloaded.
  • The charts are easy to read and the data table can be sorted. 
  • The information is playable in a time-lapse line chart, which gives a good indication of the speed of emissions from the Industrial Revolution. 
  • This resource can also be viewed as a stacked area chart.

Additional Prerequisites

  • Students should know how to read a data table and line graph.
  • Teachers may need to explain that flaring is burning off a byproduct of gas and oil when extracting oil. 


  • There could be many uses for this resource in a variety of courses, including cross-curricular connections for math, social studies, and economics.
  • As a starter activity for a lesson on climate change, students could pick a country, look at the data, and present how their countries' CO2 emissions have changed over three time points (earliest recorded, 2000, last recorded). Students could also work collaboratively on this. 
  • Alternatively, students could pick a country, look at the data, and present how their countries' CO2emissions by fuel type have changed over time. 
Scientist Notes

This resource provides students with the opportunity to explore CO2 emissions by fuel type in any country or continent. Data on fuel types (oil, coal, flaring, gas, cement, and others) can be shown in a table or line chart, growth in emission datasets beginning from 1750-2019 is valid. This resource can also be viewed as a stacked area chart and it is recommended for teaching.

  • Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS)
    • ESS3: Earth and Human Activity
      • MS-ESS3-4 Construct an argument supported by evidence for how increases in human population and per-capita consumption of natural resources impact Earth's systems.
      • HS-ESS3-2 Evaluate competing design solutions for developing, managing, and utilizing energy and mineral resources based on cost-benefit ratios.
  • Common Core Math Standards (CCSS.MATH)
    • Statistics & Probability: Making Inferences & Justifying Conclusions (9-12)
      • CCSS.MATH.CONTENT.HSS.IC.B.6 Evaluate reports based on data.
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