This video explains the relationship between climate change and agriculture in New Jersey.
Students will learn how heat stress, inadequate chilling, an increase in pests, and early spring warming are affecting crops.
The video also discusses solutions that can help improve crop resiliency, build organic matter in the soil, and increase the amount of carbon stored in the soil.
The video explains how climate change mitigation efforts and adaptive methods are important for the agricultural industry.
It shows how Rutgers University is developing plant varieties that can survive the challenges of climate change.
Students should be familiar with terms such as annual crop, perennial crop, invasive species, irrigation, cover crops, swale, no-till, and land grant.
Social studies classes could research which crops are most important to New Jersey's economy and discuss how those crops could be affected by the potential problems detailed in the video.
Biology classes could use this resource for lessons about nutrient cycling, decomposition, photosynthesis, and the carbon cycle, or learn more about regenerative farming with this ACE lesson.
Earth science classes could watch this video about a farmer in Spain who plants trees to prevent soil erosion and then compare this practice to the ones used by farmers in New Jersey.
Other resources on this topic include this Ecosia video on reintroducing traditional practices in farming and this video and article about how fungi might help some crops to withstand higher temperatures.
The video highlights the impact of climate change on agriculture. It spotlights site-specific conservative practices suitable to boost agricultural production, improve soil health. It recommends solutions to predict and respond to impending climate risk on farming systems in New Jersey.
Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS)
ESS3: Earth and Human Activity
MS-ESS3-3 Apply scientific principles to design a method for monitoring and minimizing a human impact on the environment.
HS-ESS3-1 Construct an explanation based on evidence for how the availability of natural resources, occurrence of natural hazards, and changes in climate have influenced human activity.
HS-ESS3-4 Evaluate or refine a technological solution that reduces impacts of human activities on natural systems.
ETS1: Engineering Design
HS-ETS1-2 Design a solution to a complex real-world problem by breaking it down into smaller, more manageable problems that can be solved through engineering.