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Photo by Bedis ElAcheche via Pexels

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Aaron Glasson, Celeste Byers


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Resource Type

  • Artwork

Regional Focus



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  • This mural in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, calls attention to the harms of unsustainable and polluting industrial fishing practices on marine ecosystems.
Teaching Tips


  • The unsettling, wrinkly hand and human-faced fish make for a jarring first impression that will captivate students.
  • The spiky black sea urchins showcase the ecosystem disruptions occurring due to the pollution from fish farming and unsustainable fishing practices.

Additional Prerequisites

  • Cá means "fish" in Vietnamese.
  • Students might benefit from researching the imbalance that fish farms have created in the marine ecosystem, causing many sea urchins to grow on the coral reefs.
  • For more information, watch this video (7 minutes, 28 seconds) about the creation of this mural.


  • This could be a hook for biology students to research more about the coral reefs in Vietnam and the impacts of overfishing and fish farms on marine ecosystems.
  • In art class, students can analyze this mural using some of the following questions:
    • Why did the artists choose to give a human face to the fish?
    • Are the sea urchins properly scaled? Why or why not? What impression does that give to the viewer?
    • Does the swimming pool next to the mural change how one perceives this mural?
Scientist Notes
The resource highlights the negative impact of overfishing and using unsustainable techniques for fish farming. This has caused a devastating effect on the ecosystem. However, the artwork can help stimulate farmers to adopt more eco-friendly methods for fish farming. This is recommended for teaching.

This resource addresses the listed standards. To fully meet standards, search for more related resources.

  • National Core Arts Standards
    • Visual Arts: Standard 7 - Perceive and analyze artistic work.
      • VA:Re7.1.7a Explain how the method of display, the location, and the experience of an artwork influence how it is perceived and valued.
      • VA:Re7.2.Ia Analyze how one’s understanding of the world is affected by experiencing visual imagery.
      • VA:Re7.2.IIa Evaluate the effectiveness of an image or images to influence ideas, feelings, and behaviors of specific audiences.
    • Visual Arts: Standard 8 - Interpret intent and meaning in artistic work.
      • VA:Re8.1.5a Interpret art by analyzing characteristics of form and structure, contextual information, subject matter, visual elements, and use of media to identify ideas and mood conveyed.
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