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Hannah Ritchie, Max Roser


6th, 7th, 8th, 9th, 10th, 11th, 12th


Science, Biology, Earth and Space Sciences, Mathematics

Resource Types

  • Interactive Media
  • Charts, Graphs, and Tables

Regional Focus


Annual Percentage Change in CO2 Emissions

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  • This interactive resource allows students to explore the annual change in CO2 emissions from fossil fuels and cement production in various countries.
  • The data start in 1751 and students can explore a map, chart, and data table.
Teaching Tips


  • This resource is easy to use, customize, and download.

Additional Prerequisites

  • Students should know how to read a line graph and a world map.
  • Students should be familiar with percentages and percent change over time.


  • Students can explore the map data for the whole world or by specific continents.
  • The chart may be hard to read if too many countries are selected at the same time.
  • Cross-curricular connections could be made with history and social studies classes when discussing the reasons for the changes observed from year to year in various countries.
Scientist Notes

Annual share of CO2 emissions have been quantified an expressed in acceptable units. This resource is valid to enable students explore the annual changes in CO2 emissions and gain knowledge on countries that are net importer or exporter of CO2.

  • Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS)
    • ESS3: Earth and Human Activity
      • HS-ESS3-4 Evaluate or refine a technological solution that reduces impacts of human activities on natural systems.
  • College, Career, and Civic Life (C3) Standards
    • Dimension 2: Geography
      • D2.Geo.3.9-12 Use geographic data to analyze variations in the spatial patterns of cultural and environmental characteristics at multiple scales.
      • D2.Geo.4.9-12 Analyze relationships and interactions within and between human and physical systems to explain reciprocal influences that occur among them.
  • Common Core Math Standards (CCSS.MATH)
    • Ratios & Proportional Relationships (6-7)
      • CCSS.MATH.CONTENT.7.RP.A.2 Recognize and represent proportional relationships between quantities.
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