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Hannah Ritchie, Max Roser


6th, 7th, 8th, 9th, 10th, 11th, 12th


Science, Social Studies, Earth and Space Sciences, Geography, Mathematics

Resource Types

  • Interactive Media
  • Charts, Graphs, and Tables

Regional Focus


Annual CO2 Emissions

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  • This interactive resource allows students to explore a map, chart, and data table of annual CO2 emissions globally and by country.
Teaching Tips


  • This resource is easy to use and provides a lot of data to work with.
  • Students can view data for groups of countries based on income per capita (i.e. low-income countries, lower-middle-income countries, upper-middle-income countries, and high-income countries).

Additional Prerequisites

  • Students should know how to read a line graph and be familiar with the term relative change.
  • Images of customized graphs, tables, and maps can be downloaded.


  • Cross-curricular connections could be made with social studies and history classes when discussing the reasons for increasing emissions and why certain countries experienced more or less change in emissions over time.
  • Cross-curricular connections can be made with economics classes by drawing connections between income per capita and emissions levels.
  • Other resources that are related to this topic include the interactive graph for Drivers of CO2 Emissions, and the lesson plan Greenhouse Gases: A Closer Look.
Scientist Notes

The resource displays annual CO2 emissions from the burning of fossil fuels for energy and cement production. Method used involved converting data from tonnes of carbon sources to tonnes of carbon dioxide (CO2) using a conversion factor of 3.664. The resource is valid ad recommended for teaching.

  • Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS)
    • ESS3: Earth and Human Activity
      • MS-ESS3-3 Apply scientific principles to design a method for monitoring and minimizing a human impact on the environment.
      • MS-ESS3-5 Ask questions to clarify evidence of the factors that have caused the rise in global temperatures over the past century.
      • HS-ESS3-5 Analyze geoscience data and the results from global climate models to make an evidence-based forecast of the current rate of global or regional climate change and associated future impacts to Earth systems.
  • College, Career, and Civic Life (C3) Standards
    • Dimension 2: Geography
      • D2.Geo.2.9-12 Use maps, satellite images, photographs, and other representations to explain relationships between the locations of places and regions and their political, cultural, and economic dynamics.
  • Common Core Math Standards (CCSS.MATH)
    • Statistics & Probability: Making Inferences & Justifying Conclusions (9-12)
      • CCSS.MATH.CONTENT.HSS.IC.B.6 Evaluate reports based on data.
  • Related Resources


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