This article identifies alternative refrigerants as a top climate solution to reduce global warming and fight climate change.
This resource includes an overview of the role refrigerants have played in climate change, potential solutions, and a more in-depth look at the effectiveness and availability of alternative refrigerants.
This article is a great way to learn about an important solution to climate change.
This resource also provides ways individuals can contribute to the solution.
Students should have an understanding of the causes of climate change and a basic understanding of how climate projections and models are developed.
Consider showing students this interactive table of solutions to see the rankings of solutions by scenario on the Drawdown website.
This article introduces international agreements such as the Montreal Protocol and the Kigali Accord, which can be expanded upon for more advanced students.
For students interested in learning more about reducing increasing emissions by addressing refrigerants, links to the resource's references are available at the bottom of the page.
This resource can also be used in math classes during lessons about quantifying the impacts of certain industries and developing models.
This resource presents a scenario analysis of greenhouse gas (GHG) emission reductions if current hydrofluorocarbon (HFC) refrigerants are replaced with alternative refrigerants from 2020 to 2050. The work relies heavily on the literature, so at least a cursory review of the references cited will be necessary to understand the scenario analysis. This work does not consider indirect reductions of GHG emissions resulting from the increased efficiency of replacing HFCs with alternative refrigerants, so total CO2e emission reductions are likely to be greater than the results suggest. This resource is well sourced, provides an analysis guided by peer-reviewed literature and is suggested for teaching.
Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS)
ESS3: Earth and Human Activity
HS-ESS3-4 Evaluate or refine a technological solution that reduces impacts of human activities on natural systems.
ETS1: Engineering Design
HS-ETS1-4 Use a computer simulation to model the impact of proposed solutions to a complex real-world problem with numerous criteria and constraints on interactions within and between systems relevant to the problem.
College, Career, and Civic Life (C3) Standards
Dimension 4: Taking Informed Action
D4.6.9-12 Use disciplinary and interdisciplinary lenses to understand the characteristics and causes of local, regional, and global problems; instances of such problems in multiple contexts; and challenges and opportunities faced by those trying to address these problems over time and place.
Common Core English Language Arts Standards (CCSS.ELA)
Reading: Science & Technical Subjects (6-12)
CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RST.9-10.8 Assess the extent to which the reasoning and evidence in a text support the author's claim or a recommendation for solving a scientific or technical problem.