• Views 194
  • Favorites
Photo by Steve via Pexels


Great Lakes Indian Fish and Wildlife Commission Climate Change Team


9th, 10th, 11th, 12th, AP® / College


Science, Social Studies, Biology, English Language Arts, Mathematics

Resource Types

  • Scientific Papers or Reports, 340 pages
  • Charts, Graphs, and Tables

Regional Focus

North America, United States, USA - Midwest, Wisconsin, Minnesota, Northwoods (CESA 9, 10, 11, 12), Lake Michigan & Fox/Wolf Watershed (CESA 6, 7, 8), Michigan



Aanji-bimaadiziimagak o’ow aki: Vulnerability Assessment 2023

Ask a Question

  • This detailed report combines Indigenous and scientific ecological knowledge to describe how climate change is impacting the Great Lakes region, how vulnerable this region may be to future climate impacts, detailed effects on various plants and animals, and suggested next steps to address these changes.
  • The report contains a glossary of terms, Ojibwe pronunication guide, abstract, introductory Ojibwe story, table of contents, colorful graphs, maps, and images, and beautiful artwork on the cover.
Teaching Tips


  • The report is thorough and well-organized.
  • Due to the holistic nature of the report, different sections of the report can be used for various subjects, classes, assignments, or lessons.

Additional Prerequisites

  • Students need to have a solid understanding of climate change or the greenhouse effect to fully understand this report.
  • If you click a section on the "Table of Contents" you will be taken to the corresponding page, making it easy to navigate online.


  • The report could accompany a lesson on how climate change impacts communities, ecosystems, and biodiversity.
  • The report could augment a lesson about the impacts of climate change on human activities.
  • The report could enhance a classroom discussion on what the environment might look like today if Indigenous peoples were not forcefully removed from their lands.
  • Biology and ecology classes could use a variety of sections to incorporate into lessons about ecosystem services, keystone species, interspecific relationships, and population dynamics.
  • The word clouds could be used as inspiration for language arts or visual arts classes.
  • Math classes could use the data sets provided to practice analyzing categorical and quantitative data.
Scientist Notes
This website from the Great Lakes Indian Fish & Wildlife Commission provides a very dense 340-page copy of the most recent vulnerability assessment. The assessment provides information about the origins of the program and the climate change program, the anticipated impacts to the territories due to climate change, methods on how the assessment was conducted, results and discussion of the study, and finally a section that discusses how each group may be impacted by climate change. This resources is very well sourced and would be a great addition to a classroom discussion about climate change and its impacts to the environment and people.
  • Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS)
    • ESS3: Earth and Human Activity
      • HS-ESS3-1 Construct an explanation based on evidence for how the availability of natural resources, occurrence of natural hazards, and changes in climate have influenced human activity.
      • HS-ESS3-6 Use a computational representation to illustrate the relationships among Earth systems and how those relationships are being modified due to human activity.
    • LS2: Ecosystems: Interactions, Energy, and Dynamics
      • HS-LS2-2 Use mathematical representations to support and revise explanations based on evidence about factors affecting biodiversity and populations in ecosystems of different scales.
      • HS-LS2-6 Evaluate the claims, evidence, and reasoning that the complex interactions in ecosystems maintain relatively consistent numbers and types of organisms in stable conditions, but changing conditions may result in a new ecosystem.
  • College, Career, and Civic Life (C3) Standards
    • Dimension 2: History
      • D2.His.14.9-12 Analyze multiple and complex causes and effects of events in the past.
  • Common Core English Language Arts Standards (CCSS.ELA)
    • Reading: Science & Technical Subjects (6-12)
      • CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RST.11-12.2 Determine the central ideas or conclusions of a text; summarize complex concepts, processes, or information presented in a text by paraphrasing them in simpler but still accurate terms.
  • Related Resources


    Login to leave a review