Sep 13, 2022
The Earth is already at risk of five serious changes due to climate change . Four of these “tipping points” will likely be reached. That's according to a new study.
The Paris Agreement set a goal of stopping Earth’s warming at 1.5 degrees Celsius (2.7 degrees Fahrenheit) since the 1800s. The study shows even if that happens, major ice sheets in Greenland and West Antarctica will still likely collapse. Warm-water coral reefs will also probably disappear. The permafrost of the northern tundra will likely thaw. These events will release more greenhouse gasses into the atmosphere.
Current warming is at about 1.2 degrees Celsius. It has already raised those risks the researchers found. The researchers analyzed more than 200 prior climate studies.
“It’s really worrying,” the study’s lead author told The Guardian. “There are grounds for grief, but there are also still grounds for hope. The study really underpins why the Paris Agreement goal of 1.5C is so important .”
The study found 16 tipping points. Most of them could be avoided. To do that, humans would need to stop the Earth’s current trajectory of reaching 2.7 degrees Celsius of warming. In climate science, a tipping point is defined as a shift in the Earth that, when reached, leads to big changes in the climate. These changes are difficult, if not impossible, to reverse.
"Every fraction of a degree that we stop beyond 1.5C reduces the likelihood of hitting more tipping points,” the lead author said.
The Climate Tipping Points that Could Change the Earth Forever
This video discusses the concept of tipping points, specifically with regard to permafrost melting, melting ice sheets, and Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation.
Is Our Climate Headed for a Mathematical Tipping Point?
This animated video illustrates the concept of mathematical tipping points using billiards as an example.
This course on climate projections features sections on climate models, the water cycle, tropical climate, tipping points, global warming, and sea level rise.