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Organisms: Life and Growth


K, 1st, 2nd


Science, Biology


90 minutes

Regional Focus



Google Docs, Google Slides


This lesson plan is licensed under Creative Commons.

Creative Commons License

The Importance of Biodiversity (Number Sense & Biodiversity #1)

Created By Teacher:
Last Updated:
Apr 14, 2024
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In this lesson, students learn about habitats and how plants, prey, and predators interact based on their needs. Students see how factors like warming temperatures and human interactions can alter habitats and affect wildlife.


Step 1 - Inquire: Students watch trail camera clips to note the biodiversity in a habitat.


Step 2 - Investigate: Students play the Biodiversity Game to simulate the interactions between living things.


Step 3 - Inspire: Students sketch a picture showing an interaction they had during the game and explain it using cause and effect language.

Accompanying Teaching Materials
Teaching Tips


  • This lesson illustrates the interactions of living things in a habitat through student interactions.

  • This lesson features kinesthetic learning to activate interest in the topic.

  • In this lesson, students get the chance to receive feedback from peers, reflect on their work, and make changes to their work based on feedback and personal reflection.

  • This lesson features speaking and writing practice using academic language.

Additional Prerequisites

  • This lesson is 1 in 3 in our Number Sense & Biodiversity unit.

  • A large area is needed for the game. If the classroom is used, you may want to move desks to one side of the room.


  • During the Inquire section, students could be given a list of animal names or pictures to check off as they appear in the video.

  • Species cards include pictures of animals for students who have more difficulty reading.

  • Cause and effect language frames are differentiated.
  • Teacher may wish to play a "fishbowl" version of the game and have students watch a few students play to see the interactions.

Scientist Notes

This lesson clearly demonstrates the interrelationships existing in an ecosystem. It allows students to identify species and analyze what they need to survive in a given habitat accounting for the impact of human-caused climate change on biodiversity. The games, activities, and all materials featured in the lesson have been reviewed and are suitable to improve students' understanding on the topic. On that account, this lesson has passed our science credibility process and is recommended for teaching.


Primary Standards

  • Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS)
    • LS1: From Molecules to Organisms: Structures and Processes
      • K-LS1-1 Use observations to describe patterns of what plants and animals (including humans) need to survive.
    • LS4: Biological Evolution: Unity and Diversity
      • 2-LS4-1 Make observations of plants and animals to compare the diversity of life in different habitats.


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